The roof should be inspected a year. Repair or replace cracked shingles and roof ridges, and look for rust and holes. If no one in the household can perform this annual inspection, contact a professional.
Clean gutters regularly to ensure that the rainwater would drain properly. They help prevent water damage to the windows, doors, siding and trim of the house. But they can't do their job properly when they're damaged, leaking, missing or blocked with leaves.
Damaged eaves can also cause water to seep into the walls. If the eaves show yellow or brown spots, or are showing signs of sagging, it is time to replace them.
Remove leaves, branches and debris from drains in the yard and in front of your home. Remember to do the city
sewer grates along the street in front of your house or neighborhood. This will help prevent the sewer grates from becoming blocked, water building up, creating puddles that can make driving treacherous, street parking annoying and the possibility of unnecessary flooding … well imminent. The city crews can’t possible get to all the grates on all the streets every day — especially during all the coming downpours.
Trim tree branches that hang over the roof to avoid leaves filling the gutters, and to prevent big branches falling on and severely damaging the house. Other unstable structures should also be cleared in the case of strong winds.
Check interior Walls:
Do a simple inspection of the ceilings, walls, and floors. Discolored walls and ceilings, paint bubbles, and dark spots mean that water is already entering the house. Moisture not only ruins the appearance of the house’s interiors but can also affect appliances, furniture, other household items, and even the health of the residents. Where possible, seal exterior areas where the leak begins.
Caulk cracks around windows and doors to prevent water from seeping inside. Check old caulk every year for chips and cracks, which indicates the caulk has dried out and needs replacement.
Turn off automated sprinkler systems when rain is expected.